[E-voting] a theoretical point of view about e-vote

vote at electronic-vote.org vote at electronic-vote.org
Tue Aug 23 10:20:50 IST 2005

I would like to have your opinion about the following statements I placed on 
my website. If there is something wrong, please let me know so that I can 
correct it. 

Thank you very much from Italy,
Emanuele Lombardi


Paper elections held under proper public monitoring have always guaranteed 
fair and square elections. This has been possible because humans can verify 
operations dealing with ballot papers which are visible and tangible 

On the contrary humans are not equipped for verifying operations which occur 
in the microscopic scale within nanosecond timeframes. Thus, for people who 
didn’t program them, computers act just like black boxes and
their operations can truly be verified only by knowing the input and 
comparing the expected output with the actual output
(see http://www.acm.org/classics/sep95). 

Unfortunatly, because of vote secrecy, elections have no known input nor any 
expected output with which to compare electoral results. Hence
electronic electoral result cannot be verified by humans and the people need 
to have an absolute faith in the accuracy, honesty and security of the whole 
electoral apparatus (people, software, hardware and networks). 

Requiring reliance on such faith is clearly not compatible with Democracy. 


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